receive medicines at a hospital. The health ministry has instructed
hospitals nationwide to use antibiotics with more restraint in a bid to
prevent growing resistance to the drugs.- Photobaodansinh.vn
NỘI - The health ministry has instructed hospitals nationwide to use
antibiotics with more restraint in a bid to prevent growing resistance to the
The move comes as most health
examination and treatment facilities are starting to acknowledge the increasing
bacterial resistance to many types of drugs, according to Deputy Minister
Nguyễn Thị Xuyên.
A dossier providing guidance
on the use of antibiotics, issued by the ministry, will be delivered to and
applied in all hospitals nationwide to help reduce the inappropriate use of
antibiotics, reduce their unexpected impact, improve overall healthcare
quality, avoid resistance to antibiotics and reduce treatment costs for
patients, she said.
The ministry required
hospitals to set up a task force to supervise the use of antibiotics in
hospitals and keep a close watch on drug resistance to common viruses.
Members of these task forces
will also be responsible for producing and executing an annual plan for
antibiotic usage management in hospitals; inspecting, supervising and
applying intervention measures; and assessing and reporting the use of
antibiotics and level of antibiotic resistance.
Antibiotic resistance has
become a global issue, particularly in developing countries, including Việt
Nam. Estimates suggest thousands of people die as a result of drug resistance
each year around the world, and hundreds of billions of US dollars are spent
on drug resistance treatment.
It is estimated that in half
of all cases, antibiotics are prescribed for conditions caused by viruses,
where they have no effect, according to Marc Sprenger, Director of the WHO’s
secretariat for antimicrobial resistance.
The widespread purchase and
sale of antibiotics without a doctor’s prescription was also blamed for the
increasing resistance to the drug in Việt Nam.
According to a report
released by the ministry in 2014, 90 per cent of antibiotics had been sold to
people without a prescription.
The study revealed that 88
per cent of drug stores in urban areas and 91 per cent of stores in rural
areas had sold antibiotics to people without a prescription. The three most
popular types of antibiotics are ampicillin, cephalexin and azithromycin.
The ministry set up a
National Steering Committee on Surveillance to monitor drug resistance in
2014. - VNS